The process to setting up a home composting system is simple and inexpensive. But first what is compost? Compost is the process of turning organic material (food scraps, grass clippings, carboard, etc.) into organic fertilizer. In addition to adding organic fertilizer to the soil, compost benefits the physical and biological structure of the soil; providing plants with the ideal conditions to grow in. First, choose a location with moderate sunlight with access to water and a container (container must have access to air all around, so drilling small holes can help with this) to put all the organic waste in. Secondly, add “green” (nitrogen based) and “brown” (carbon based) organic materials in a 1:2 ratio. Examples of green materials are: grass clippings, vegetable and fruit scraps, and coffee grounds and brown materials can be: carboard, shredded mail, untreated wood, wine corks, and sawdust. After layering your organic material, water it and rotate it about every two weeks or so. In addition, you can add a shovel full of your garden soil to your composting bin to add beneficial microorganisms to speed up the composting process. Depending on the size and quality of the material you are trying to compost you should have a sustainable and nutrient rich organic fertilizer in anywhere from 3 to 10 months.
v Temple Terrace Farm 2 School volunteers support student vegetable gardens, located within the community garden at Greco Middle School. Greco culinary arts students harvest the fresh vegetables to prepare healthy dishes for students, parents and faculty.